What Can Activist Scholars Learn from Rumi?
Radha D’Souza, 1
The neoliberal restructuring of higher education everywhere is accompanied by a distinctive branch of knowledge known as activist scholarship. Drawing from a number of disciplines including education, sociology, social anthropology, social theory, law, and human rights, activist scholarship proclaims as its core mission Marx’s imperative that philosophy should transform the world. Activist scholars affirm human emancipation as the goal of scholarship and set themselves the task of building bridges between theory and practice. There is a spectrum of views on the theory-practice nexus. Regardless, they all share certain common grounds that affirm (1) a nexus between theory and practice; (2) a relationship between knowledge and action; (3) knowledge as a condition for emancipation and freedom; (4) the affirmation of love and solidarity for social change; (5) the importance of everyday life; and (6) the role of the activist scholar in social change. These themes form part of a long and entrenched tradition in dissident Eastern philosophies, in particular the poet-saint traditions. Here each of the themes in activist scholarship is interrogated using the works of Mawlana Jalal al Din Rumi, the thirteenth-century Persian poet. What can activist scholars learn from Rumi?
“Visiting Humanists” and Their Interpreters: Ricci (and Ruggieri) in China (reviewing Ronnie Po-Chia Hsia, A Jesuit in the Forbidden City: Matteo Ricci 1552–1610)
Reviewed by Elisabetta Corsi, 1
Who Was Homer Lea (1876–1912) and Why Should We Care? Myth and History in the “American Century” (reviewing Lawrence M. Kaplan, Homer Lea: American Soldier of Fortune)
Reviewed by Roger R. Thompson, 9
Whose Hong Kong? Views and Movements Local and Global (reviewing Stanley S. K. Kwan with Nicole Kwan, The Dragon and the Crown: Hong Kong Memoirs; Janet W. Salaff, Siu-lun Wong, and Arent Greve, Hong Kong Movers and Stayers: Narratives of Family Migration; Leo Ou-fan Lee, City between Worlds: My Hong Kong)
Reviewed by Ming K. Chan, 23
The Life and Death of an Artisan Community in Modern China (reviewing Jacob Eyferth, Eating Rice from Bamboo Roots: The Social History of a Community of Handicraft Papermakers in Rural Sichuan, 1920–2000)
Reviewed by Pauline Keating, 429
From Secularization to Categorization: A New Paradigm for the Study of Religion in Modern China (reviewing Vincent Goossaert and David A. Palmer, The Religious Question in Modern China)
Reviewed by J. Brooks Jessup, 432
A New View of the Huainanzi (reviewing John S. Major, Sarah A. Queen, Andrew S. Meyer, and Harold D. Roth, translators, The Huainanzi: A Guide to the Theory and Practice of Government in Early Han China)
Reviewed by Nathan Sivin, 436
In Loving Memory: Jayne Cortez, iii
“He the One We All Knew”
Njoroge Njoroge, 485
This issue is dedicated to an examination of the life and thought of El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz. The contributors explore different facets of the biography, legacy, and memory of Malcolm X and his relevance to contemporary politics. By introducing new research and building on previous scholarship, this volume seeks to expand and elaborate upon the complicated life narrative of the man we know as Malcolm X.
Urban Chinese Living
Guest Editor Wen-hsin Yeh (University of California, Berkeley), 211
“Urban Chinese Living” speaks to a vibrant field of research in recent years. The essays grouped here examine aspects of Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. They build on what we know of these cities in history and expand on the conception of the city as a particular site of discourse formation.
Soils and Paleosoils of the Galápagos Islands: What We Know and What We Don’t Know, A Meta-Analysis
Georges Stoops, 1
Abstract: Accessible information on Galápagos soils is very limited. Much of the existing, although still scarce, information is several decades old and not easily retrieved. The aim of this paper is to present a critical synthesis. Continue reading
Na Koronivalu ni Bā: Upland Settlement during the Last Millennium in the Bā River Valley and Vatia Peninsula, Northern Viti Levu Island, Fiji
Patrick D. Nunn, 1
Former settlements, now abandoned, are found in inland upland locations on many larger islands in the tropical Pacific. In Fiji, such settlements are known today as koronivalu (war-towns) and, as elsewhere in the region, appear to have been established within the same period during the first half of the last millennium. Twenty-seven koronivalu were mapped for this research in the Bā Valley and nearby Vatia Peninsula, northern Viti Levu Island (Fiji); of these, nine were subject to detailed investigation. All koronivalu are in defensible locations, either with exceptional views across the surrounding landscape or hidden within deep narrow valleys. At all koronivalu, evidence for the consumption of marine shellfish was found, even though the sites are often far from the coast. Twenty- four radiocarbon ages from charcoal and shellfish remains were obtained. A single age around A.D. 700 from the farthest inland site (Koroikewa) appears anomalous. The remainder, once adjusted, suggest that most koronivalu in the study area were established A.D. 1200–1750, perhaps separable into early (A.D. 1200–1450) and later (A.D. 1500–1750) phases. While questions remain about the functions of these koronivalu, the fact that, as elsewhere in Fiji and in other western Pacific Island groups, they appear to have been established within the same period suggests that there is a region-wide explanation for the profound settlement-pattern change this implies. Climate change, perhaps expressed through drought and/or sea-level change, appears the only plausible external forcing mechanism.
Keywords: Pacific Islands, Fiji, hill forts, settlement pattern, marine subsistence, climate change.