About the Artist: Visesio Poasi Siasau, vii
The Pacific Islands, viii
Climate-Change Migration in the Pacific
John R Campbell, 1
Abstract: Despite considerable debate about whether or not climate change will cause large numbers of people to migrate, there has been little consideration of how such displacement might be caused. Three effects of climate change are identified as possible drivers of migration: loss of or reduction in land security, livelihood security, and habitat security. Where these are destroyed by climate change, migration will be forced and would require the abandonment of some locations. Such community relocation is likely to be a disruptive form of climate-change migration, and past experience indicates that there are numerous social, cultural, emotional, and economic costs associated with such moves, even at relatively small distances. Where the loss of security is partial, voluntary or induced migration may be a practical adaptive response, reducing pressure on declining local life-support systems and providing remittances to supplement declining livelihoods. Most attention has been focused on atoll communities, but most Pacific communities (with the exception of Papua New Guinea) are coastal, and the security of some inland areas may be threatened by increasing magnitude and frequency of droughts. Destinations for climate-change migrants may range from locations within customary lands to foreign countries within and beyond the region. A key issue is the essential link between Pacific Islands people and their land, which poses major problems not only for those forced to leave but also for communities within the region that may be required to give up land for relocatees.
Keywords: climate change, migration, relocation, land security, livelihood security, habitat security
What Can Activist Scholars Learn from Rumi?
Radha D’Souza, 1
The neoliberal restructuring of higher education everywhere is accompanied by a distinctive branch of knowledge known as activist scholarship. Drawing from a number of disciplines including education, sociology, social anthropology, social theory, law, and human rights, activist scholarship proclaims as its core mission Marx’s imperative that philosophy should transform the world. Activist scholars affirm human emancipation as the goal of scholarship and set themselves the task of building bridges between theory and practice. There is a spectrum of views on the theory-practice nexus. Regardless, they all share certain common grounds that affirm (1) a nexus between theory and practice; (2) a relationship between knowledge and action; (3) knowledge as a condition for emancipation and freedom; (4) the affirmation of love and solidarity for social change; (5) the importance of everyday life; and (6) the role of the activist scholar in social change. These themes form part of a long and entrenched tradition in dissident Eastern philosophies, in particular the poet-saint traditions. Here each of the themes in activist scholarship is interrogated using the works of Mawlana Jalal al Din Rumi, the thirteenth-century Persian poet. What can activist scholars learn from Rumi?
“Visiting Humanists” and Their Interpreters: Ricci (and Ruggieri) in China (reviewing Ronnie Po-Chia Hsia, A Jesuit in the Forbidden City: Matteo Ricci 1552–1610)
Reviewed by Elisabetta Corsi, 1
Who Was Homer Lea (1876–1912) and Why Should We Care? Myth and History in the “American Century” (reviewing Lawrence M. Kaplan, Homer Lea: American Soldier of Fortune)
Reviewed by Roger R. Thompson, 9
Whose Hong Kong? Views and Movements Local and Global (reviewing Stanley S. K. Kwan with Nicole Kwan, The Dragon and the Crown: Hong Kong Memoirs; Janet W. Salaff, Siu-lun Wong, and Arent Greve, Hong Kong Movers and Stayers: Narratives of Family Migration; Leo Ou-fan Lee, City between Worlds: My Hong Kong)
Reviewed by Ming K. Chan, 23
The Life and Death of an Artisan Community in Modern China (reviewing Jacob Eyferth, Eating Rice from Bamboo Roots: The Social History of a Community of Handicraft Papermakers in Rural Sichuan, 1920–2000)
Reviewed by Pauline Keating, 429
From Secularization to Categorization: A New Paradigm for the Study of Religion in Modern China (reviewing Vincent Goossaert and David A. Palmer, The Religious Question in Modern China)
Reviewed by J. Brooks Jessup, 432
A New View of the Huainanzi (reviewing John S. Major, Sarah A. Queen, Andrew S. Meyer, and Harold D. Roth, translators, The Huainanzi: A Guide to the Theory and Practice of Government in Early Han China)
Reviewed by Nathan Sivin, 436
In Loving Memory: Jayne Cortez, iii
“He the One We All Knew”
Njoroge Njoroge, 485
This issue is dedicated to an examination of the life and thought of El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz. The contributors explore different facets of the biography, legacy, and memory of Malcolm X and his relevance to contemporary politics. By introducing new research and building on previous scholarship, this volume seeks to expand and elaborate upon the complicated life narrative of the man we know as Malcolm X.
Urban Chinese Living
Guest Editor Wen-hsin Yeh (University of California, Berkeley), 211
“Urban Chinese Living” speaks to a vibrant field of research in recent years. The essays grouped here examine aspects of Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. They build on what we know of these cities in history and expand on the conception of the city as a particular site of discourse formation.