Online Lives 2.0
Guest Editors: Laurie McNeill & John David Zuern
Online Lives 2.0: Introduction
Laurie McNeill and John David Zuern
Looking back to Biography’s 2003 “Online Lives,” the coeditors reflect on continuities and analyze new developments in Internet-based auto/biographical production since the advent of Web 2.0. They outline recurring themes in the essays in Online Lives 2.0, which include the merging of public and private life, online self-curation, the socioeconomic dimensions of online self-presentation, and the filtering and falsification of lives in social media, and they explore the implications of these issues for auto/biography studies.
Gandhi’s Devotional Political Thought
Stuart Gray, Thomas M. Hughes, 375
The political thought of Mohandas K. Gandhi increasingly has been used as a paradigmatic example of hybrid political thought that developed out of a cross-cultural dialogue of Eastern and Western influences. With a novel unpacking of this hybridity, this article focuses on the conceptual influences that Gandhi explicitly stressed in his autobiography and other writings, particularly the works of Leo Tolstoy and the Bhagavad Gītā. This new tracing of influence in the development of Gandhi’s thought alters the substantive thrust of Gandhi’s thought away from more familiar quasi-liberal interpretations and toward a far more substantive bhakti or devotional understanding of politics. The analysis reveals a conception of politics that is not pragmatic in its use of non-violence, but instead points to a devotional focus on cultivating the self (ātman), ultimately dissolving the public/private distinction on which many readings of Gandhi’s thought depend.
The table of contents below contains links to the MUSE edition of each article and shows either an abstract or a sample image from each of the main entries. Asia Society Statement Melissa Chiu, 1 Chaekgeori: Multi-Dimensional Messages in Late Joseon Korea Sunglim Kim, 3
Chaekgeori, Korea, 19th century. Ten-panel screen, ink and color on silk. National Museum of Korea, Seoul.
Lord Takadēra and entourage in Manzai Tichiuchi
From the Editor, iii
Manzai Tichiuchi (Vendetta of Performers of “Myriad-Year” Felicity): A Kumi Odori by Tasato Chōchoku, as Staged by Kin Ryōshō in 1982
Nobuko Miyama Ochner, 1
In addition to a translation of the play Manzai Tichiuchi, or Vendetta of Performers of “Myriad-Year” Felicity, this article gives background on this 1759 work by Tasato Chōchoku, the kumi odori genre in which he wrote, and the practice of the art, and the performance of this particular work in the Okinawan community in Hawai‘i.
(De)Memorializing the Korean War: A Critical Intervention
Guest Editor Suzy Kim (Rutgers University), 1
The purpose of this special issue is twofold: first, to engage in a critical intervention into the memorialization of the Korean War among the chief participants—the two Koreas, the United States, and China—to disrupt monolithic understandings of its origins, consequences, and experiences; and second, to do so as a necessary step toward reconciliation by placing divergent public memorials in conversation with one another.
Ceramic Firing Structures in Prehistoric and Ancient Societies of the Russian Far East
Irina S. Zhushchikhovskaya, Yury G. Nikitin, 121
Archaeological records reveal the history of pottery and roof-tile firing devices in the southern part of the Russian Far East, the neighboring Korean Peninsula, and northeast China. Chronological parameters are from the first millennium B.C. through the thirteenth century A.D., including the Palaeometal period of the Prehistory epoch, Pre-State period, and Early States epoch. Different types of firing kilns varied in complexity of form and technology, including the tunneled sloping kiln, manthou kiln, and vertical up-draught kiln. These specific characteristics reflect the involvement of the ancient southern Russian Far East in the processes of cultural interaction within the larger East Asia region.
southern Russian Far East, ceramic firing kilns, Prehistory epoch, Pre-State period, Early States epoch
Finiteness in Sundanese
Eri Kurniawan, William D. Davies, 1
The topic of finiteness is rarely broached in the closely related Indonesian-type languages, in which verbs have no morphological tense marking, nouns have no overt case marking, and there is only limited morphological agreement. As they are the typical morphological manifestations, the relevance of finiteness is difficult to discern. Sundanese is no exception to this. There is evidence, however, that finiteness is critical to the licensing of subjects in Sundanese. What distinguishes Sundanese from many other languages is that finiteness is covert rather than being overtly marked, just as has been proposed for Chinese, Lao, Slave, and others.