Life in Occupied Palestine
Guest Editors: Cynthia G. Franklin, Morgan Cooper and Ibrahim G. Aoudé
Life in Occupied Palestine: Three Cafés and a Special Issue
Cynthia G. Franklin, Morgan Cooper, Ibrahim G. Aoudé, vii
Against the backdrop of Israel’s invasions of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip during the summer of 2014, the co-editors introduce this special issue: its formation, and the importance and power of the contributors’ writings about life in Palestine under conditions of occupation, apartheid, and settler colonialism.
Special Topic Articles: Landscape Archaeology in Southeast Asia
Defining Ifugao Social Organization: “House,” Field, and Self-Organizing Principles in the Northern Philippines
Stephen Acabado, 161
The idea that complex agricultural and irrigation systems lead to centralized control has been refuted in the last three decades. Indeed, ethnographic and archaeological literatures regarding this relationship have been forthcoming in recent years. This article contributes to this body of work by investigating the Ifugao agricultural system. Spatial patterning and ethnographic information from Ifugao suggest that a recursive relationship between the landscape and its users exist where environmental constraints necessitate cooperation among terraced rice field systems. Correlated to this discussion, this article examines the applicability of the “house” concept in defining Ifugao social organization. Results of my ethnographic investigations suggest that the house concept complements kinship analysis, and thus, contributes to a better understanding of Ifugao social relationships. Moreover, this article argues that the agricultural field becomes the node of Ifugao social relationships. In this sense, the agricultural field becomes an emergent property that defines Ifugao social organization. This study provides archaeologists with a model to investigate the precolonial social structure of the Ifugao.
Keywords: landscape, Ifugao, Philippines, house, emergence, self-organization, agriculture
Presented by Manoa: A Pacific Journal of International Writing
This collection presents seven modern plays by some of Indonesia’s most accomplished dramatists. The earliest work is from the 1930s, when predominantly Westerninfluenced plays were being staged. After Indonesia declared its independence in 1945, urban playwrights began drawing
on indigenous art forms. Under the authoritarian regimes of Presidents Soekarno and Soeharto, the theater arts were harshly censored, but by weaving together traditional and Western performance styles, playwrights defied the nationwide political repression. Four of the plays here were written in recent years, the latest in 2009, and display the experimentation and commitment to social issues that have long characterized Indonesian drama. The playwrights in Islands of Imagination, Volume One, are Rita Matu Mona, Armijn Pané, N. Riantiarno, Ratna Sarumpaet, Iwan Simatupang, Luna Vidya, and Putu Wijaya.
List of Illustrations
Modern Indonesian Plays: An Introduction
Cobina Gillitt, vii
(excerpt from Introduction)
Early twentieth-century national theater in Indonesia, then known as the Dutch East Indies, was largely revolutionary in tone and intent, supporting the end of colonial rule. Productions were urban, performed on proscenium stages, and presented in what would be soon adopted as the Indonesian national language, rather than in one of the country’s 350 local languages. However, by the 1930s, Indonesian theater had shifted its focus away from the independence movement and toward domestic dramas and psychological realism. This modern, Western style was preferred by the first national theater academy, Cine Drama Institut (later renamed Akademi Seni Drama dan Film Indonesia, or ASDRAFI), which opened in the Central Java city of Yogyakarta in 1948, three years after Indonesia proclaimed its independence.
War as a Problem of Knowledge: Theory of Knowledge in China’s Military Philosophy
Barry Allen, 1
A singularity of the famous Art of War (孫子兵法) attributed to Sunzi is the way this work conceives of knowledge as a resource for the military strategist. The idea is new in Chinese tradition, and new in the worldwide context of thinking about strategy, where Sunzi’s ideas about the value of knowledge are far in advance of the thinking of Western theorists like Machiavelli or especially Clausewitz. The role of knowledge in the Sunzi theory of strategy and the consistency of what this work says about knowledge with a philosophical idea of knowledge that emerges in Warring States texts of diverse genres are analyzed here.
Stories and Histories from the China-Vietnam Border
Guest Hue-Tam Ho Tai (Harvard University), 315
In keeping with the mission of Cross-Currents, I have selected four articles for this issue whose common trait is their focus on the border between China and Vietnam. I am deliberately eschewing the term “borderland” to describe the area they cover, as one article, by Robert J. Antony, concerns life on the water and piracy. The other articles, however, fit neatly into the category of borderland studies.
The University of Hawaii Press is pleased to announce a partnership with the Hawaiian Historical Society to publish The Hawaiian Journal of History. Our first issue is Volume 48, 2014. The journal is not yet available online but Institutions may subscribe to the print issue by contacting the University of Hawaii Press. Individuals may subscribe by becoming a member of the society.
Soichi Sakamoto and the Three Year Swim Club: “The World’s Greatest Swimming Coach”
Kelli Y. Nakamura, 1
Hiki Mai E Ka Lā Ma Ka Hikina: The Sun Arrives In The East
R. Keawe Lopes Jr., 35